Gabdulkhay Khuramovich Akhatov (Russian: Габдулхай Хурамович Ахатов; Tatar: Габделхәй Хурам улы Əхатов; Ğabdelxəy Huram uğlı Axatov; 1927 - 1986) is the soviet tatar scientist-linguist and an organizer of science, Ph.D (1954), Dr. Philology (1965), Professor (1970).
He graduated with honors from Kazan State Pedagogical Institute (1951), later graduate school (1954). Member of the Higher Attestation Commission of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Chairman of the specialized boards for doctoral and master's theses in a number of universities in the country. Excellence in Higher Education USSR.
Akhatov was the founder of a number of research schools: the modern Tatar dialectological and phraseological schools.
By studying the phonetic peculiarities of dialect of the local population of Siberia, Akhatov first among the scientists discovered in the Speech of Siberian Tatars is such a thing as the pronounce, which in his opinion, was obtained for the Siberian Tatars of Kipchaks. In his classic fundamental research work "Dialect West Siberian Tatars" (1963) Akhatov wrote about a territorial resettlement of the Tobol-Irtysh Tatars Tyumen and Omsk areas.
Subjecting a comprehensive integrated analysis of the phonetic system, the lexical composition and grammatical structure, the scientist concluded that the language of the Siberian Tatars is a separate dialect, it is not divided into sub-dialects and it is one of the most ancient Turkic languages.
Akhatov for the first time in Turkic studies gave theoretically harmonious and systematic description of the idiomatic expressions of the Tatar language. Is the author of the widely known the book - "Phraseological dictionary of the Tatar language" (1982).
More than 30 years, Professor Akhatov headed the department of Tatar philology at various universities and institutes in Russia.
Also the scientific asset Akhatov are research on the general theory of language. Thus, he published a fundamental research work on the main sign of paired words, opened and thoroughly investigated the nature of a double negative in the Turkic languages and also discovered and formulated the law of the pairing in Turkic languages.
Akhatov trained over 40 doctors and candidates of science, and published about 200 scientific papers.
He was a true polyglot. He knew more two dozen languages.
A number of his scientific works were highly praised at the XIII International Congress of Linguists (Tokyo, 1982). Akhatov organized and led several dialectological expeditions and was the author of fundamental scientific works, dictionaries, textbooks, manuals and programs for dialectology, phraseology, lexicology.
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